Commercial Transactions

Common Law and Legal English Weekend for the International Practitioner – Bologna, 1-3 June 2018

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judge-1024x683Today’s practitioners, whether operating domestically or internationally, are required to know how the law from other jurisdictions impacts on their client’s business affairs.

Whether the client is located in the US or UK or in Europe, a practitioner needs to understand the fundamental elements of these legal systems in order to protect and or defend their client’s business.

This weekend school has been specifically developed to assist practitioners to understand the basic requirements of the common law system in the US and UK.

The first part of the course will start with an introduction to common law system of law and look at how the common law system developed.

The second part of the course will involve the study of various areas of common law in the UK and contracted to the US system. We will study contracts law, torts law, the impact of equity, remedies available for breach.

The third part of the course will focus on the impact of the conflict of laws (private international law). How does this operate in the areas of tort, contract, property and so on and transactions which contain a foreign element.For example, conflict of laws issues will arise if proceedings are contemplated in London in respect of a contract involving a party in Italy seeking to recover damages for breach of a contract governed by the law of Italy.

The fourth part of the course will look at civil litigation procedure from studying the legal institutions, and the civil procedure rules including discovery, interrogatories, affidavits.

The final part of the course will involve a negotiation of a dispute where participants will have the chance to role play in the negotiation. At the conclusion of the negotiation, the participants will also be drafting terms of settlement for the matter.

The topics to be covered in this course are:-

1. Introduction to the common law system in the UK and US and terminology

2. Contracts law and terminology in the UK and US and the international sale of goods (Vienna Convention)

3.  Torts law and terminology in the UK and US

4. Equity law in the UK and terminology

5. Remedies and damages in the US & UK for breach of contract and torts

6. Law of contract – forum of competent jurisdiction and the law of the contract

7. The Impact of private international law on commercial transactions; Applicable Law, Court of Competent Jurisdiction.

8. Commencing proceedings and civil litigation procedure including discovery, interrogatories, affidavits.

9. Dispute Resolution and the art of negotiation

10. Case study – participants will role play in the negotiation and draft terms of settlement for the matter.

For further details, fill in the attached contact form:-


Did you know that contracts have 7 Stages ?

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It is said that contracts go through a 7-stage process. These are:-

1. Specification

2. Make – Buy

3. Source – Award

4. Implementation

5. Operate

6. End options

7. Lessons

Do you know what these mean ?  Put your comments below.



Legal English and Common Law for International Practitioners – 1 June – 4 June 2017, Bologna, Italy

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This course is aimed at lawyers, notaries, accountants, in-house counsel and other professional advisers who wish to master their skills in international business.

This course is the first stepping-stone for any practitioner advising clients with business affairs in the UK or clients planning to diversify their activities with a global perspective. 

The course is also suitable for students or practitioners thinking of qualifying as a solicitor under the QLTS scheme in the UK, or sitting for the TOLES examination (The Official Legal English Examination).

This course will be held from 1 June 2017 – 4 June 2017 in Bologna for a total of 20 hours in-class face to face lectures and workshops. 

The head -trainer, Sofia Parastatidou, is admitted as a solicitor in England and Wales and a leading Legal English Trainer in Italy. 

The topics to be covered in this course include:- 

  1. Introduction to the common law system and the English Legal Profession
  2. Contracts Law & Terminology
  3. Introduction to Tort Law & Terminology
  4. UK Company Law 
  5. Real Property Transactions and Conveyancing in the UK
  6. Succession in the UK (wills and probate)
  7. Trusts in the UK 
  8. Introduction to Tax and Accounting in the UK
  9. Brexit and the Implications for the Legal Profession and their clients
  10. Case Studies, Role Plays and practical exercises 

Further details and a detailed program are available by emailing or completing the form below.

Detailed Program and Registration (Click here)

Commercial Transactions (QLTS Module)

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justiceIn this module, participants will be learning how to handle and progress basic business transactions arising during the life and development of a business.

The Learning Outcomes of this core practice area are: –

  • Progress common business transactions and advise and take steps relating to the business’s on-going operations
  • Advise on entering into contracts on behalf of the business (including issues arising from contracts in which directors have an interest)
  • Advise on steps to protect the assets of the business
  • Advise on issues arising from basic finance and lending
  • Draft notices, agendas and minutes of meetings and complete and file routine statutory forms and maintain and up-date statutory books
  • Advise on taxation of profits (income and capital) generated and distributed by the business
  • Demonstrate the appreciation of the continuing duties, obligations and liabilities of the business and of its partners, directors and shareholders
  • Advise on the options for and claims arising on insolvency (eg bankruptcy, winding up and administration)
  • Draft and review documentation to give effect to transactions

Following the completion of this module, participants will be able to

(a)  to learn the law relating to common commercial transactions;

(b)  to use legal principles to solve problems arising from those transactions; and

(c)  to advise clients about those problems in a straightforward, business-like manner.

Topics include:-

  1. Types of Personal Property
  2. Transfer of Possession
  3. Bailment
  4. Transfer of Ownership
  5. Supply of Personal Property
  6. Convention of International Sale of Goods (Vienna Convention) Article 67,68,69
  7. UNIDROIT Principles – Incoterms
  8. Finance
  9. Risk Management and Risk Allocation (Security, Reservation of Title, Insurance, Subrogation)
  10. Negotiable Instruments – Bills of Exchange, Cheques

For further details or join the mailing list, send an email to or visit our site by clicking here Commercial Transactions – QLTS details.

Details for courses in 2017 will be available soon.