Civil Litigation

Who recognizes Toles (Test of Legal English Skills) ?

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common law week

Toles developed materials and exams as a direct solution for law firms complaining that law graduates holding a wide variety of English language certificates lacked the level of English required to carry out essential legal tasks.

The Toles training materials and exams are very well-known among law firms and very highly valued by them. The material is guided by what law firm require and expect, not through academic circles.

Law firms and organisations that have already entered candidates for the TOLES exams include:

The Law Society of England and Wales
Linklaters Oppenhoff and Radler
Allen&Overy LLP
Baker and McKenzie
Sony Ericsson
Daimler Chrysler
European Court of Justice
European Central Bank
Deutsche Bundesbank
Qatar Steel Company
Qatar Petrochemical Corporation
Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer

The high calibre of organizations ensures that TOLES will always be a very valuable asset for you to add to your CV or LinkedIn profile.

Now it is possible to study and sit the TOLES exam in Bologna. Visit our website Toles Registered and Authorized Trainer and Examination Centre or by filling in the contact form below.


Toles – Foundation Syllabus 2017

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The TOLES Foundation Exam requires little or no knowledge of British or American law. It requires knowledge of useful, international legal terminology, a strong, active use of basic grammar and a sensitivity to use of register in the following general areas:

  • basic legal negotiations
  • pre-contractual documents
  • commercial contracts
  • banking
  • companies
  • other forms of business
  • bankruptcy and insolvency
  • employment law and contracts
  • the litigation process
  • essential contract law
  • the law of tort
  • intellectual property
  • real estate
  • oral contracts
  • an introduction to the common law

For further details fill in the following contact form

International Law Symposium – 6 July – 9 July 2017, Bologna, Italy

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Today’s practitioners, whether operating domestically or internationally, are required to know how the law from other jurisdictions impacts on their  client’s business affairs. Whether the client is located in the US or UK or in Europe, a practitioner needs to understand the fundamental elements of these legal systems in order to protect and or defend their client’s business.

This week has been specifically developed to assist the local practitioner to understand the basic requirements of the common law system.

The first part of the course will start with an introduction to common law system of law and look at how the common law system developed.

The second part of the course will involve the study of various areas of common law in the UK and contracted to the US system. We will study contracts law, torts law, the impact of equity, remedies available for breach.

The third part of the course will focus on the impact of the conflict of laws (private international law). How does this operate in the areas of tort, contract, property and so on and transactions which contain a foreign element.For example, conflict of laws issues will arise if proceedings are contemplated in London in respect of a contract involving a party in Italy seeking to recover damages for breach of a contract governed by the law of Italy.

The fourth part of the course will look at civil litigation procedure from studying the legal institutions, and the civil procedure rules including discovery, interrogatories, affidavits.

The final part of the course will involve a negotiation of a dispute where participants will have the chance to role play in the negotiation. At the conclusion of the negotiation, the participants will also be drafting terms of settlement for the matter.

The topics to be covered in this symposium are:-

1. Introduction to the common law system in the UK and US and terminology

2. Contracts law and terminology in the UK and US and the international sale of goods (Vienna Convention)

3.  Torts law and terminology in the UK and US

4. Equity law in the UK and terminology

5. Remedies and damages in the US & UK for breach of contract and torts

6. Law of contract – forum of competent jurisdiction and the law of the contract

7. The Impact of private international law on commercial transactions

8. Commencing proceedings and civil litigation procedure including discovery, interrogatories, affidavits.

9. Dispute Resolution and the art of negotiation

10. Case study – participants will role play in the negotiation and draft terms of settlement for the matter.

Detailed Program and Registration – Click here or for further information fill in the attached form.

Drafting Legal Documents (QLTS Module)

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book-1261800__340In English law, there are specific rules about pleadings and other legal documents. Every practitioner needs to be able to draft legal documents in an effective way whilst at the same time, conforming to the rules and practice.

On completion of this module, participants should:

  1. understand the content and requirements of formal legal documents in the core practice areas
  1. understand the principles of good drafting and editing
  1. be able to explain their own and others’ drafting.

Element I:  Drafting and amending documents

Participants should be able to draft and amend basic documents or provisions that:

  1. demonstrate an understanding of the relevant legal, factual and procedural issues
  2. meet all formal legal or other requirements
  3. demonstrate a considered choice, use and adaptation of templates or precedents
  4. are in prescribed or generally accepted form.

 Element II:  Style of drafting and amending

 Participants should be able to draft and amend documents that:

  1. use accurate, straightforward and modern language
  2. use correct spelling, grammar, syntax and punctuation
  3. are easy to follow, internally consistent and free of ambiguity
  4. use recitals, definitions and boilerplate correctly and appropriately
  5. have a clear, logical, consistent and appropriate structure, layout and use of numbering and schedules.

 Element III:  Explaining and editing

 Participants should be able to:

  1. explain in clear and simple terms the meaning and effect of basic documents and the possible implications for the client
  2. review and edit their own and others’ drafting to identify and correct omissions, errors and unnecessary provisions


For further details send an email to or click here Drafting Legal Documents – more information

Course dates for 2017 will be available shortly.



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Upon completion of this core practice area, participants will:-

  • Understand the nature of civil litigation
  • Be able to identify the critical steps in civil litigation

Participants will learn how to do

  1. Do a case analysis
  2. Evaluate different courses of action
  3. Consider the prospect of litigation funding or public funding
  4. Identify and take steps in court procedure taken in the preparation and conduct of litigation.
  5. Alternate Dispute Resolution
  6. Enforcement and appeal of judgements
  7. Drafting appropriate pleadings


For further details send an email to Course dates for 2017 will be available shortly. Click here to visit our website  Civil Litigation – QLTS module



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This masterclass will introduce participants to the day-to-day practicalities of civil litigation in the UK.

The topics covered in the course are:

  1. General issues
  2. Jurisdictional issues -original and appellate
  3. the logistics of commencing an action;
  4. the various interlocutory steps between the commencement of an action and the hearing stage, including discovery and inspection and the issuing of subpoenas;
  5. evidence in relation to procedural matters;
  6. the logistics of “running” a matter including judgement and enforcement of judgment;
  7. elementary drafting principles, including practical drafting of documents;
  8. mediation and alternative dispute resolution

For further details send an email to Course dates for 2017 will be available shortly on our website Civil Litigation