Negotiations can lead to liability …beware…

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Are you negotiating contracts ? Do you know how to avoid liability during negotiations ?

You could find yourself not only bound in contract but liable for representations made during negotiations even if you have not signed an agreement or even written the agreement out.

So how can you avoid liability during negotiations ? How does this situation work in your jurisdiction.

Leave your comments below.






Did you know that contracts have 7 Stages ?

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It is said that contracts go through a 7-stage process. These are:-

1. Specification

2. Make – Buy

3. Source – Award

4. Implementation

5. Operate

6. End options

7. Lessons

Do you know what these mean ?  Put your comments below.



Taxation and Revenue Law

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The Taxation and Revenue Law course is an overview of the UK taxation system.

The objective of the course is to provide an overview of the structure of the tax legislation which will enable participants to determine the tax consequences that flow from factual situations.

We will be studying the legislation and decided cases with the consideration of hypothetical factual situations that would commonly be encountered in practice.

More specifically, participants will learn about the main features of the income tax system including the concept of total income, personal allowances and deductibility of different types of receipts and items of expenditure. We will consider the tax treatment of fringe benefits and capital gains.

The differing tax consequences in respect of various legal entities, such as partnerships, trusts and companies, are also studied.

The last part of the course deals with the collection and recovery of tax, and the procedures to be followed by a taxpayer in disputing a tax assessment.

Learning Objectives:

At the end of this module, participants will understand the impact of taxation and should be able to:-

  • Use the legal knowledge, skills, procedures and behaviours appropriate to the client;
  • Recognize conduct issues and act within the Code of Conduct
  • Identify the client’s reasonable expectations as to quality and timeliness of service

Topics include:

  1. INCOME TAX (Total Income, personal allowances, calculation of income tax liability, deductions, residence, anti-avoidance and rules relating to gifts and settlements);
  2. CAPITAL GAINS TAX (main principles of capital gains tax, including the charge on the disposal or deemed disposal of assets and the calculation of chargeable gains, main exemptions and reliefs from capital gains tax);
  3.  INHERITANCE TAX (charge of tax on death, on immediately chargeable lifetime transfers, exempt transfers, on gifts with the reservation of benefit, payment of tax due, exemptions and reliefs, anti-avoidance provisions).
  4.  CORPORATION TAX (principles of company tax, company income, deductions, dividends)
  6. VAT (basic principles of VAT including: registration of taxable persons, taxable supplies, input and output tax, standard and zero rating, exemptions)

For further details send an email to Dates for courses in 2017 are coming soon.

Taxation and Revenue Law – Click here


Professional Conduct & Regulation (QLTS Module)

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Upon completion of this module, participants will be able to identify and act in accordance with the core duties of professional conduct and professional ethics.

  1. The Principles – Lawyers need to be familiar with the solicitors regulations and in particular the mandatory SRA principles.
  2. The Code of Conduct
  • Duties and responsibilities owed to clients
  • Running of the business
  • Interacting with the Regulator
  • Duties to others
  1. Money Laundering
  1. Financial Services
  1. Solicitors Accounts


For further details send an email to Course dates for 2017 will be available shortly. Click here for details Professional Responsability


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This course focuses on the recognition of the demands and standards imposed upon or expected of practitioners.  Apart from examining the fundamental duties and obligations practitioners have we will also be studying the apparent conflicts and their resolution.

The objectives of the course are therefore:

(a)  to give the student a sound background of the statute, common law and rules and regulations which govern professional practice as a legal practitioner;

(b)  to provide guidance as to what can go wrong, how to recognise a problem, and what help is available, and what may occur where there has been an ethical breach.

 Topics to be studied include: –

  1. Solicitors’ duties and the Regulation of practitioners;
  2. The lawyer’s duty to the client;
  3. The lawyer’s duty to the Court;
  4. The lawyer’s duty to the public, other parties and colleagues;
  5. Regulation of practitioners and confidential communications and privilege.
  6. Misconduct and unsatisfactory professional conduct
  7. Disciplinary apparatus in UK
  8. Admission and expulsion of lawyers


For further details on this course and to join our mailing list send an email to: . Dates for courses in 2017 coming soon.

Click here for further detailsLegal Ethics


Interviewing and Advising Clients (QLTS Module)

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On completion of this module, participants should demonstrate an understanding of the principles and techniques of the skills of interviewing and advising.

Element 1:  Interviewing

 Participants should:

  1. be able to choose an appropriate way to obtain relevant information
  2. be able to plan, prepare for and identify the objectives of an interview
  3. understand how to conduct an effective interview that elicits the relevant information, allows the client to explain any concerns, anticipates the client’s questions and has clear outcomes
  4. be able to listen actively and use appropriate questioning techniques
  5. be able to establish a professional relationship.

Element 2:  Advice and follow up

Participants should be able to:

  1. advise the client taking into account the client’s objectives, priorities and constraints and addressing all relevant factual, practical and legal issues
  2. identify possible courses of action, the legal and non-legal consequences of a course of action (including the costs, benefits and risks) and assist the client in reaching a decision
  3. identify any further decisions to be made or steps to be taken and manage the client’s expectations including likely outcomes and timescales
  4. accurately record an interview, advice given orally, decisions made by the client and follow-up steps and, where appropriate, confirm instructions in each case in accordance with the outcomes for Writing
  5. identify the circumstances in which to take instructions or seek advice from a supervising solicitor.

For further details send an email to or visit the site by clicking here Interviewing and Advising Clients (QLTS)

Course dates for 2017 will be available shortly.

Effective Writing Skills (QLTS Module)

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Effective Writing means maximum organization. Poor organization leads to a missed opportunity to present your ideas, and yourself, with power.

In this module, you will learn how to organize your writing for effective communication.

 Specifically, participants will :-

  1. understand and be able to choose the appropriate method of communication
  1. understand and be able to apply the principles of good writing.

 Part I:  Appropriate use of media

 Participants should:

  1. understand the appropriate uses of emails, letters, memoranda and other forms of written communication
  1. be able to choose the appropriate medium, form and style
  1. be able to tailor the written communication to suit the purpose of the communication and the needs of different clients or recipients.

 Part II:  Writing style

Participants should be able to produce written work which is appropriate for the chosen medium and the recipient and which:

  1. uses accurate, straightforward and modern language
  1. uses correct spelling, grammar, syntax and punctuation
  1. has a clear, logical, consistent and appropriate structure and format
  1. has been checked and edited.

 Part III:  Content 

 Students should be able to produce written work which:

  1. forms a coherent whole and, where appropriate, advances the matter;
  1. addresses accurately and correctly all the relevant legal and factual issues and, where appropriate, identifies practical options including the costs, benefits and risks of those options
  1. identifies clearly clients’ objectives and priorities, addresses their concerns and carries out their instructions
  1. accurately and systematically records a meeting or presentation and its outcomes.


For further details send an email to or click here for details Effective Writing Skills – QLTS

Course dates for 2017 will be available shortly.